Frequently Asked Questions for Veterinarians in Concord

How often should my pet have an exam?

Foster Animal Hospital recommends yearly visits for most pets and older pets coming in more frequently – at least every 6 months. Yearly exams include physical examinations by our veterinarians plus annual vaccinations or booster vaccinations, parasite screening & prevention and various lab tests performed.

For puppies and kittens, we need to see them on a more frequent schedule during their first year of life. For pets over age 7, we recommend exams and blood work every 6 months to help us detect diseases and issues before they become a problem.

How safe is my pet’s procedure?

Our veterinarians take every precaution to make sure your pet comes out of any procedure, whether major or minor, on the way to a swift recovery. To ensure your pet’s safety, we provide round-the-clock care and monitoring for all surgical patients during business hours. We perform all pet surgeries under anesthesia and advocate the use of pre-anesthetic blood work to detect any underlying disease that may affect the response to anesthesia.

With your pet’s comfort and safety at the forefront, we utilize pain management protocols before, during, and after surgery until they are completely recovered. This includes monitoring of vital signs, assessing your pet for pain indicators and keeping them well fed, warm and comfortable in their surroundings.

Why does my pet need a dental cleaning?

Besides just BAD BREATH, dental disease:

  • Releases bacteria into the bloodstream
  • Increases risk for heart, liver and kidney disease
  • Can cause severe pain and problems for your pet

Pets need regular dental cleanings to increase quality and length of life and:

  • Allows us to chart dental disease over time
  • Means less time under anesthesia
  • Reduces the need for more advanced and expensive treatment in the future such as teeth extractions and oral surgery

Dental disease is THE most common disease in dogs. Recent studies show that 85% of cats and 92% of dogs over age 3 have periodontal disease.

What happens during my pet’s dental cleaning?

A thorough dental cleaning can only be accomplished while the pet is under general anesthesia. The anesthesia we use is safe for all animals and your pet is constantly monitored during the dental procedure. Prior to anesthesia, blood tests are performed to help uncover any hidden illnesses.

A professional cleaning (sometimes called a prophylaxis) removes plaque and tartar from the teeth. Your pet's entire mouth health (teeth, tongue, gums, and lips) will be examined and assessed.

I noticed a change in my pet’s behavior. Should I see a veterinarian?

Pets cannot tell us how they feel and are able to hide their pain from us (especially cats). Changes in behavior such as appetite change, lethargy, energy level, aggressiveness, inappropriate elimination and vocalization (barking/meowing) can be symptoms of behavior or health issues. Contact our vet hospital for an exam appointment right away.

What should I do if I notice fleas or ticks on my pet?

Isolate your pet from other animals and small children to prevent the spread of the parasite to them. Bring your pet to our vet clinic for a thorough testing for parasites. Parasites can most often be easily treated, but parasite preventative measures are best for your pet and your wallet. We have safe and effective parasite prevention products available.

At what age should I have my pet spayed or neutered?

Foster Animal Hospital recommends waiting until your pet is at least 4-6 months of age before seeking a spay or neuter procedure. Contact us to discuss specific details based on species, breed, and size. Spaying/neutering has health and behavior benefits to your pet and of course helps prevent overpopulation.

What are heartworms? How can I prevent my pet from getting heartworms?

One infected mosquito is all it takes to infect your dog with the baby form (larval stage) of the heartworm parasite.

Heartworms are a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets. Twelve-inch-long worms (looks like spaghetti) live in the heart, lungs and blood vessels of infected pets, causing lung disease, heart failure, organ damage and can be fatal if untreated.

How does my pet get heartworms? Heartworms living in an infected dog, cat or wildlife produce baby worms that circulate in the bloodstream. When a mosquito bites an infected animal, it picks up these worms and when it bites another animal, the worms enter through the bite wound. Heartworms can grow and live for 5 - 7 years in dogs and 3 years in cats.

What can I do to protect my pet? Heartworm disease is preventable! Dogs should be tested annually and before starting prevention. Provide heartworm prevention 12 months of the year. Prevention is the safest and most cost-effective option, but treatment is available for dogs (although costly and lengthy). Cats should be tested before starting prevention and re-tested as the veterinarian deems appropriate. There is NO treatment in cats, so prevention is critical and the only means of protection.

Foster Animal Hospital has safe, effective products available that cater to you and your pet's lifestyle and your budget. Heartworm prevention should be provided 12 months of the year.

Regenerative Medicine FAQs

Regenerative Medicine utilizes the patient’s own cells to heal and repair damaged tissues. Learn more below.

Platelet Rich Plasma - What Is It?

Platelet Rich Plasma is a highly concentrated sample of blood that has been processed to contain a high number of platelets in the fluid portion of the blood known as plasma.

Why Are Platelets Used As A Therapy?

Platelets are potent cells that contain a reservoir of messenger proteins known as growth factors. When a vessel is damaged in the body, platelets are the first-in-line responders to go to the area and stop any further damage from occurring. Once at the site of damage, platelets release growth factors that signal to other cells in the body to repair the damaged tissue.

When other areas of the body are damaged but have poor/low blood circulation as seen in joints with arthritis, platelets are unable to make it to the area to heal the damaged tissue. By concentrating the platelets and injecting them directly into the area of injury/damage, we are able to harness the beneficial effects of the growth factors and place them in an area where they are needed most.

What Can Platelet Rich Plasma Be Used For?

Platelet Rich Plasma can be used for a wide range of acute and chronic conditions which include:

  • Arthritis
  • Post-Operative Joint Pain
  • Soft Tissue Injuries (Ligament, Tendon & Muscle)
  • Chronic Joint Pain
  • Inflammation and Discomfort associated with dysplasia
  • Chronic Wounds/ Burns

What are the Benefits from Usingn Platelet Rich Plasma?

  • Minimally invasive
  • No side-effects since it uses the patient’s own blood
  • Provides lubrication of the joint space
  • Preserves the remaining cartilage of the joint
  • Increases natural production of protective compounds within the joint including Hyaluronic Acid, Chondroitin Sulfate and Collagen
  • Decreases inflammation which in turn reduces pain
  • Can be used as a long-term treatment for chronic conditions

How Is Platelet Rich Plasma Obtained?

Platelet Rich Plasma is obtained by taking a small sample of blood and spinning it down in a specialized processing system to isolate and concentrate the platelets in the fluid portion of the blood called plasma.

How Is Platelet Rich Plasma Administered?

Platelet Rich Plasma is injected directly into the area of injury which includes joints (for arthritis), tendons, ligaments, and muscles.

What Should Be Expected After the Injection?

Due to the potent nature of platelets and their growth factors, after injection patients may exhibit soreness or stiffness in the injected area. This typically subsides within 24-48 hours post-injection.

Do Any Medications Interact with Platelet Rich Plasma?

While NSAIDS are beneficial in the treatment of inflammation and its associated pain, they can also prevent the activity of Platelets since they are inflammatory cells. This interaction can prevent the platelets from recruiting cells to the site of injury to heal and repair the tissue. This is why it is recommended to withhold NSAID medication for two weeks prior to and 2 weeks after injecting Platelet Rich Plasma.

What is Typically Done in Preparation for A PRP Injection?

On the day of the treatment, a small area of the neck will be clipped free of hair along with any areas that are going to be treated. This allows the area to be effectively cleaned to significantly reduce the chance of infection.

What is Recommended Following A PRP Injection?

Following a PRP injection, it is recommended to limit activity to short leash walks on even/flat surfaces. Stairs, steps, slippery floor surfaces should all be avoided post-injection unless the patient is assisted. Jumping, running or any strenuous activity should be limited to allow the repair and healing of the tissues to take place.

How Soon After Treatment Will Results Show?

While each patient’s response will vary, results from treatments are typically noted starting 2-3 weeks post-injection. It is recommended to schedule a follow-up appointment to monitor treatment progress and report any changes in behaviors/habits.

Contact us for details about how our regenerative medicine services can help your pet.